น้องหมาพาคนอายุยืนหนีีรอดพ้นโรคหัวใจ

thairath130513_001แพทยสมาคมโรคหัวใจอเมริกันกล่าวแนะนำกับประชาชนตรงๆว่า ถ้าอยากอายุยืน ห่างไกลจากโรคหัวใจ ควรจะหาสัตว์เลี้ยงมาไว้ดูเล่น

ศาสตราจารย์วิชาแพทย์โรคหัวใจ วิทยาลัยแพทย์เบย์เลอร์ หมอเกล็น เลอไวน์ ระบุว่าการเลี้ยงสัตว์เลี้ยงโดยเฉพาะน้องหมา จะทำให้หนีห่างโรคหัวใจ และความอ้วน ความดันโลหิตสูงตลอดจนไขมันในเลือด เคยมีการศึกษาจากชาวอเมริกันที่เป็นผู้ใหญ่ไม่น้อยกว่า 5,200 คน พบว่าผู้ที่เลี้ยงสัตว์ล้วนแต่มีรูปร่างแข็งแรงกว่าผู้ที่ไม่ได้เลี้ยง เนื่องจากได้มีโอกาสพาพวกมันเดินเที่ยวออกกำลัง

นอกจากนั้น ยังมีผลการวิจัยแสดงให้เห็นว่าผลแห่งความรักและภักดีของพวกมันยังมีอานุภาพช่วยลดความเครียด ความวิตกกังวล ความซึมเศร้า และความว้าเหว่ให้อีกด้วย เป็นผลให้เจ้าของรู้สึกมีความผาสุกในชีวิต และความภาคภูมิใจในตนเอง เพิ่มพูนขึ้น

คนอเมริกันที่เลี้ยงน้องหมาทุกวันนี้ มีมากถึง 78.2 ล้านคน รวมทั้งที่เลี้ยงแมวอีก 86.4 ล้านคน.

ที่มา :  ไทยรัฐ  13 พฤษภาคม 2556

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sciencedaily130509_001

Pets May Help Reduce Your Risk of Heart Disease

May 9, 2013 — Having a pet might lower your risk of heart disease, according to a new American Heart Association scientific statement.

The statement is published online in the association’s journal Circulation.

“Pet ownership, particularly dog ownership, is probably associated with a decreased risk of heart disease,” said Glenn N. Levine, M.D., professor at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas, and chair of the committee that wrote the statement after reviewing previous studies of the influence of pets.

Research shows that:

  • Pet ownership is probably associated with a reduction in heart disease risk factors and increased survival among patients. But the studies aren’t definitive and do not necessarily prove that owning a pet directly causes a reduction in heart disease risk. “It may be simply that healthier people are the ones that have pets, not that having a pet actually leads to or causes reduction in cardiovascular risk,” Levine said.
  • Dog ownership in particular may help reduce cardiovascular risk. People with dogs may engage in more physical activity because they walk them. In a study of more than 5,200 adults, dog owners engaged in more walking and physical activity than non-dog owners, and were 54 percent more likely to get the recommended level of physical activity.
  • Owning pets may be associated with lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels, and a lower incidence of obesity.
  • Pets can have a positive effect on the body’s reactions to stress.

“In essence, data suggest that there probably is an association between pet ownership and decreased cardiovascular risk,” Levine said. “What’s less clear is whether the act of adopting or acquiring a pet could lead to a reduction in cardiovascular risk in those with pre-existing disease. Further research, including better quality studies, is needed to more definitively answer this question.”

Even with a likely link, people shouldn’t adopt, rescue or buy a pet solely to reduce cardiovascular risk, Levine said.

Story Source:

The above story is reprinted from materials provided byAmerican Heart Association.

Journal Reference:

  1. Glenn N. Levine, Karen Allen, Lynne T. Braun, Hayley E. Christian, Erika Friedmann, Kathryn A. Taubert, Sue Ann Thomas, Deborah L. Wells, and Richard A. Lange. Pet Ownership and Cardiovascular Risk: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association.Circulation, May 9 2013 DOI:10.1161/CIR.0b013e31829201e1

SOURCE : www.sciencedaily.com

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ขับรถพาน้องหมาเที่ยว เสี่ยงอุบัติสูง 2 เท่า

thairath130508_001วารสาร “การป้องกันและวิเคราะห์สาเหตุของอุบัติเหตุบนท้องถนน” ของสหรัฐฯ กล่าวเตือนว่า ผู้สูงอายุไม่ควรจะ เอาสัตว์เลี้ยง เช่น น้องหมา ไปเป็นเพื่อนเวลาขับรถ เพราะจะทำให้เกิดอุบัติเหตุขึ้นง่าย เนื่องจากทำให้เสียสมาธิ

รายงานการศึกษาเรื่องนี้ครั้งแรกพบสาเหตุว่าการพาสัตว์เลี้ยง แสนรักไปเที่ยวด้วยชวนให้เสียสมาธิได้ง่ายๆ เนื่องด้วยสัตว์เหล่านี้ ไม่ได้นั่งอยู่เฉย จะเคลื่อนไหวกระดุกกระดิกตัวไปมาอยู่เรื่อยๆ เป็นเหตุให้เจ้าของต้องละสายตาจากถนนมาคอยจับตาดูบ่อยๆ

ผลการศึกษายังเปิดเผยให้ทราบข้อเท็จจริงอย่างหนึ่งว่า ผู้อาวุโสที่ชอบพาสัตว์เลี้ยงนั่งรถไปไหนมาไหนด้วยเป็นประจำ จะต้องเสี่ยงกับการเกิดอุบัติเหตุ มากกว่าคนวัยเดียวกันที่ขับรถแต่โดยลำพังถึง 2 เท่า.

ที่มา : ไทยรัฐ 8 พฤษภาคม 2556

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Driving With the Dog Not a Good Idea for Seniors

May 2, 2013 — Senior drivers who always take a pet in the car are at increased risk for being involved in a motor vehicle collision, said University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) researchers. In a study published in Accident Analysis and Prevention on May 2, 2013, the research team said both overall and at-fault crash rates for drivers 70 years of age or older were higher for those whose pet habitually rode with them.

s to enact legislation controlling their use. Currently Hawaii is the only state that specifically restricts drivers from having a pet in the lap. Arizona, Connecticut and Maine have broader laws restricting behavior or activities that could potentially distract a driver; such laws could be applicable to pets in a vehicle.

“There is no direct evidence that driving with pets is or is not a threat to public safety, however, indirect evidence exists based on distracted driving research on texting, eating or interacting with electronics or even other passengers,” said McGwin. “And there are certainly anecdotal reports in the news media of crashes and even fatalities caused by drivers distracted by a pet in the vehicle.”

The authors suggest that when confronted with an increased cognitive or physical workload while driving, elderly drivers have exhibited slower cognitive performance and delayed response times in comparison to younger age groups.

“Adding another distracting element, especially an active, potentially moving animal, provides more opportunity for an older driver to respond to a driving situation in a less than satisfactory way,” said McGwin. “Regulations in this

area might be warranted, particularly if our findings are replicated by others.”

The study, conducted in the Clinical Research Unit in the UAB Department of Ophthalmology, enrolled 2,000 community-dwelling (those who do not live in assisted living or nursing homes) licensed drivers age 70 and older, of whom 691 had pets. Study subjects took a survey on driving habits, and those with pets were asked about the frequency of driving with pets. Participants also underwent visual sensory and higher-order visual processing testing.

The crash risk for drivers who always drove with their pets was double that of drivers who never drove with a pet, while crash rates for those who sometimes or rarely drove with pets were consistent with the rates for non-pet owners.

More than half the pet owners said they took their pet with them in the car at least occasionally, usually riding on the front passenger seat or in the back seat.

“That is consistent with previous studies looking at all drivers, which indicate that slightly more than half of all drivers take a pet with them at times,” said McGwin. “And it’s interesting to note that earlier surveys indicate that 83 percent of those surveyed agreed that an unrestrained dog was likely dangerous in a moving vehicle, yet only 16 percent have ever used any type of restraint on their own pet.”

Given the current debate about all types of distracted driving, the study authors suggest that further study of pet-related distracted driving behaviors among older drivers, as well as younger populations, with respect to driver safety and performance is warranted to appropriately inform the need for policy regulation on this issue.

Story Source:

The above story is reprinted from materials provided by University of Alabama at Birmingham. The original article was written by Bob Shepard.

 

SOURCE : www.sciencedaily.com

ให้เด็กอ่านหนังสือดังๆ ให้น้องหมาฟังช่วยให้เรียนเก่งสอบได้คะแนนดีตามกัน

Credit : examiner.com

Credit : examiner.com

เด็กนักเรียนชั้นประถมศึกษา ที่ถูกสั่งให้ไปอ่านหนังสือให้น้องหมาฟัง เมื่อตอนช่วงเวลาปิดเทอม ต่างพากันสอบการอ่านทำคะแนนได้ดีขึ้นไปตามๆกัน

นักวิจัยด้านสัตวแพทย์มหาวิทยาลัยทัฟส์ของสหรัฐฯ เป็นคนริเริ่มโครงการนี้ขึ้น ด้วยการแนะนำให้นักเรียนชั้นประถม ฝึกอ่านหนังสือให้น้องหมา หรือคนฟังดังๆ ตอนช่วงปิดเทอมฤดูร้อน เป็นเวลาอาทิตย์ละครึ่งชั่วโมง

หลังจากที่โครงการครบกำหนดลง ผลปรากฏว่า บรรดานักเรียนในโครงการต่างพากันอ่านหนังสือเก่งขึ้น และทำคะแนนในการสอบดีขึ้นไปตามๆกัน  ทั้งยังเกิดความรักการอ่านมากขึ้นด้วย.

ที่มา: ไทยรัฐ  27 ธันวาคม 2555

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MA study says dogs help young readers

Published : Sunday, 21 Aug 2011, 5:14 AM EDT

CRAIG S. SEMON, AP Member

GRAFTON, Mass. (AP) – Not only are dogs man’s best friend, they might possibly help your child’s reading skills to boot.

According to a pilot study published by the Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University, a group of second-graders who read aloud to a dog experienced a slight gain in their reading ability and attitude toward reading, while another group of second-graders who were paired up with veterinary school volunteers (all adults) experienced a decrease on both measures.

Dr. Lisa M. Freeman, one of the study’s authors and the research mentor for lead author Dawn Lenihan, a third-year veterinary student, said what is statistically significant about the study is no second-grade readers who were paired up with canine-counterparts left the group, while one third of those readers paired up with humans, failed to complete the study.

“For those of us who participated in this reading program, it is very easy to see how beneficial it is for the children who participate, both in their excitement about the reading and their improvement in reading skills over a very short time period,” said Dr. Freeman, professor of Clinical Sciences in Nutrition at the school.

The study was conducted for five weeks last summer at the Grafton Public Library. Children read for a half-hour to an attentive two-legged or four-legged friend. The participating dogs are enrolled in the Reading Education Assistance Dogs Program, a nonprofit organization that encourages children to read through the use of therapy animals.

All of the study’s investigators (including Grafton Public Library’s children and youth services librarian Amanda Diurba and Cummings School Shelter Medicine Director Emily McCobb) are also active in Tufts Paws for People, an animal visitation group at Tufts.

Ms. Diurba owner of Jack, a 5-year-old English pointer-Labrador retriever mix, who was on standby for the study said the enrichment program for beginner or “hesitant” readers started in 2005 at the library. While the study was small, she said it received positive results that children who read with the dogs get higher scores in word recognition and in reading motivation than the children who read to an adult.

“I can see how children are progressing by the degree of difficulty of the book titles they are choosing,” Ms. Diurba said. “At three weeks, something happens in the brain, the comfort level, whatever, and whatever little issues those children are having individually seemed to lessen mightily, go away. It actually ends up going away.”

Dr. Freeman and Ms. Diurba both agree reading to a dog is a great way to build confidence and reading skills in a child. The study found the lowest level of stress for a child was when he was reading to a dog, while the highest level was when reading to one of his peers.

“One of the wonderful things about dogs is that they are wonderful listeners,” Dr. Freeman said. “They have unconditional love. They don’t judge us any way. I think they are really wonderful sources to partner with children to help them learn to read.”

“The children are not reading at home. They are not reading at school. They are reading on a dog bed with a dog that acts silly,” Ms. Diurba said. “The dog talks to them. The dog gives them kisses. The dog uses their paws to keep the child’s place. The dog watches them as the child reads. You have that eye-to-eye interaction and it’s just magic.”

In addition, Dr. Freeman and Ms. Diurba said the dogs really seem to enjoy being read to by the children.

“When we come in as a group and the dogs are there waiting with their handlers, dogs’ ears are up and forward, dogs’ tails are wagging. Dogs are smiling,” Ms. Diurba said. “When it’s over, the children leave. Ears are back. Tails are down. Nobody’s smiling. The dogs love it as much as kids do. You can see the difference.”

“My dog (Hazel, a 12-year-old Jack Russell terrier) participated in the program and she recognized the building as we were driving up and she would get very, very excited to get there and get started.”

While the participating children read only in English, Dr. Freeman said one doesn’t have to read Spanish to a Chihuahua, German to a dachshund or French to a toy poodle. And, although most of the books read had dog-related stories, she said readers stayed away from anything too heavy (nothing like “Old Yeller,” “The Call of the Wild” “The Hound of the Baskervilles” or “Cujo”), as well as newspapers, which dogs sometimes know for another use.

“There’s a lot of feeling out there that you are just wasting time reading to a dumb animal,” Ms. Diurba said. “But, whatever it is, it works. And it’s a very gentle way for children to feel acceptance, increase their self-esteem and give them that confidence, that little extra boost that they need.”

The program is ongoing at the Grafton Public Library and there are plans to start a new program at the Westboro Public Library in the fall. Dr. Freeman said she hopes to get some additional

SOURCE : wwlp.com