พบอาหารเช้า เป็นมื้อเพื่อชีวิต

thairath130919_001

ทุกวันนี้ เรามักจะได้ยินคำแนะนำว่า อาหารเช้าเป็นมื้อสำคัญที่สุดของวันบ่อยขึ้น และคงจะได้ยินกันจนหูชา ไปจนกว่าทุกคนจะกินอาหารมื้อเช้ากันหมด

จากการศึกษาที่ทำมาแล้ว พอจะพบคุณความดีของการกินอาหารเช้าประจำเหล่านี้ได้ว่าวารสาร “โภชนศาสตร์คลินิกอเมริกัน” เคยรายงานผลการศึกษาว่า สตรีที่อดอาหารเช้าเฉลี่ยสัปดาห์ตั้งแต่ 0-6 ครั้ง จะล่อแหลมกับที่จะเป็นโรคเบาหวานชนิดที่ 2 เมื่อเทียบกับผู้ที่กินประจำกว่ากัน 6 เท่า

วารสาร “การไหลเวียนของโลหิต” ของสหรัฐฯ เปิดเผยผลการศึกษาว่า ผู้ชายวัยระหว่าง 45-82 ปีที่กินอาหารเช้าจะเสี่ยงกับโรคหัวใจน้อยกว่าผู้ที่งดอาหาร นอกจากนั้น การไม่กินอาหารเช้ายังทำให้เสี่ยงกับโรคความดันโลหิต ดื้ออินซูลินและระดับน้ำตาลในเลือดสูงด้วย

วารสารสมาคมผู้ชำนาญการกำหนดอาหารอเมริกันแจ้งว่า ในการทบทวนผลการศึกษาเกี่ยวกับอาหารเช้า 47 เรื่องด้วยกันพบว่า การกินอาหารเช้าทำให้สติปัญญาและความจำดีขึ้น หรืออาจพูดได้ว่า การกินอาหารเช้าเป็นการกระทำที่ฉลาด.

ที่มา: ไทยรัฐ 19 กันยายน 2556

.

Related Article:

.

Big Breakfast May Be Best for Diabetes Patients

Study found morning meal rich in protein, fat actually curbed hunger, helped control blood sugar levels

By Dennis Thompson
HealthDay Reporter

THURSDAY, Sept. 26 (HealthDay News) — A hearty breakfast that includes protein and fat may actually help people with type 2 diabetes better control both their hunger and their blood sugar levels.

Patients who ate a big breakfast for three months experienced lower blood sugar (glucose) levels, and nearly one-third were able to reduce the amount of diabetic medication they took, according to an Israeli study that was scheduled for presentation Wednesday at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes annual meeting in Barcelona.

“The changes were very dramatic,” said Dr. Joel Zonszein, director of the Clinical Diabetes Center at Montefiore Medical Center in New York City. “I’m impressed with these findings,” added Zonszein, who was not involved with the study. “We should see if they can be reproduced.”

The researchers based their new study on previous investigations that found that people who regularly eat breakfast tend to have a lower body mass index (BMI) than those who skip the meal. BMI is a measurement that takes into account height and weight. Breakfast eaters also enjoy lower blood sugar levels and are able to use insulin more efficiently.

The trial randomly assigned 59 people with type 2 diabetes to either a big or small breakfast group.

The big breakfast contained about one-third of the daily calories that the diabetic patients would have, while the small breakfast contained only 12.5 percent of their total daily energy intake. The big breakfast also contained a higher percentage of protein and fat.

Doctors found that after 13 weeks, blood sugar levels and blood pressure dropped dramatically in people who ate a big breakfast every day. Those who ate a big breakfast enjoyed blood sugar level reductions three times greater than those who ate a small breakfast, and blood pressure reductions that were four times greater.

About one-third of the people eating a big breakfast ended up cutting back on the daily diabetic medication they needed to take. By comparison, about 17 percent of the small breakfast group had to increase their medication prescriptions during the course of the trial.

The people eating a big breakfast also found themselves less hungry later in the day.

“As the study progressed, we found that hunger scores increased significantly in the small breakfast group while satiety scores increased in the big breakfast group,” study co-author Dr. Hadas Rabinovitz, of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, said in a news release from the association. “In addition, the big breakfast group reported a reduced urge to eat and a less preoccupation with food, while the small breakfast group had increased preoccupation with food and a greater urge to eat over time.”

Rabinovitz speculated that a big breakfast rich in protein causes suppression of ghrelin, which is known as the “hunger hormone.”

The protein in the breakfast also likely helped control the patients’ blood sugar levels, said Vandana Sheth, a certified diabetes instructor and registered dietitian in Los Angeles and a spokeswoman for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

“We know when you eat carbohydrates, they can elevate blood sugar within 15 minutes to an hour,” Sheth said. “Protein takes longer to convert into glucose, as long as three hours, and not all of it goes to glucose. Some of it is used to repair muscle, for example. So it’s not a direct effect — 100 percent of the carbs you eat convert to glucose, while only a portion of protein you eat converts to glucose.”

Zonszein said he has concerns about the study. For example, he said both the size and the length of the trial were insufficient, and he questioned why so many participants left before its conclusion.

However, he said the results were impressive enough that he might try the dietary strategy out in his own practice.

“It’s a virtually benign manipulation of the meal pattern,” Zonszein said. “I want to give it to my nutritionist to see what she thinks, and we may end up using it with several of our patients.”

The data and conclusions of research presented at medical meetings should be viewed as preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.

More information

For more information on a diabetic diet, visit the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

SOURCES: Joel Zonszein, M.D., director, Clinical Diabetes Center, Montefiore Medical Center, New York City; Vandana Sheth, certified diabetes instructor and registered dietitian, Los Angeles, and spokeswoman, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics; Sept. 25, 2013, presentation, European Association for the Study of Diabetes annual meeting, Barcelona

Last Updated: Sept. 26, 2013

SOURCE : healthday.com

Advertisements

กินถั่วทุกวันพิชิตโรคเบาหวานได้ทำให้น้ำตาลกับไขมันในเลือดลด

ถ้าหมั่นกินพวกถั่วหรือถั่วแขกชนิดเม็ดแดงและเหลือง วันละ 1 ถ้วยทุกวัน จะช่วยให้ผู้ป่วยเบาหวานแบบที่ 2 คุมระดับน้ำตาลในเลือด และยังพลอยทำให้โอกาสที่จะเป็นโรคหัวใจและลมอัมพาตลดน้อยไปด้วย

นักวิจัยโรงพยาบาลเซนต์ ไมเคิล นครโตรอนโตของคานาดากล่าวแจ้งว่า เมื่อเทียบกับการกินข้าวกล้อง การกินถั่วแขกชนิดเม็ดแดงและเหลืองทุกวัน จะทำให้การวัดระดับน้ำตาลในเลือดที่สำคัญลดลงได้เล็กน้อย รวมทั้งความดันโลหิตและปริมาณไขมันในเลือดด้วย โดยวัดได้ว่า ผู้ที่กินเช่นนั้นมานาน 3 เดือน โอกาสที่จะเป็นโรคหัวใจและหลอดเลือด ที่เป็นมา 10 ปี จะลดน้อยลงจากร้อยละ 10.7 เหลืออยู่ร้อยละ 9.6

ดร.เดวิด เจนกินส์ชี้ว่า แม้ว่าปริมาณที่ลดแม้จะเล็กน้อย แต่ก็อย่าลืมว่า มันแสดงว่าเหนือกว่าการกินข้าวกล้อง.

ที่มา: ไทยรัฐ 29 ตุลาคม 2555

.

Related Article:

.

Saucy solution: Eating beans staves off heart disease by improving glycaemic control

Beans, beans, good for your heart, the more you eat, the better for your blood sugar levels (if you have type 2 diabetes)

  • Chickpeas and lentils also reduce risk of heart disease
  • Blood pressure is lowered by snacking on legumes

By EMMA REYNOLDS

PUBLISHED: 15:00 GMT, 23 October 2012

We’ve heard beans are good for your heart before.

Now a study has confirmed that they could help to save your life – if you have type 2 diabetes.

Eating more pulses including beans, chickpeas and lentils can reduce the risk of heart disease by controlling blood sugar levels, researchers at the University of Toronto discovered.

A low-glycaemic index (GI) diet that contains beans was found to improve glycaemic control and reduce coronary heart disease (CHD) in diabetes patients.

Dr David Jenkins and colleagues tested the effects of eating more foods from the legume group on 121 people with type 2 diabetes.

They found the low-GI legume diet reduced coronary heart disease risk by -0.8 per cent, largely because of a reduction in blood pressure.

Dr David Jenkins, a doctor at St Michael’s Hospital in Toronto, said: ‘Legume consumption of approximately 190g per day (a cupful) seems to contribute usefully to a low-GI diet and reduce CHD risk through a reduction in blood pressure.’

Health food: Chickpeas and lentils, along with a low-GI diet reduce coronary heart disease risk by -0.8 per cent

Low-GI foods have long been associated with improvement in blood sugar control in patients with type 2 diabetes and have been recommended in many national diabetes guidelines.

Dr Jenkins added: ‘These findings linking legume consumption to both improved glycemic control and reduced CHD risk are particularly important because type 2 diabetes is increasing most rapidly in the urban environments of populations in which bean intake has traditionally been high.’

The results were published on the Online First section of the Archives of Internal Medicine website.

The news comes just a week after scientists discovered that sitting down all day can double the risk of diabetes, heart disease and death.

So those with desk jobs might do well to grabs some beans on toast for breakfast in the morning.

SOURCE: dailymail.co.uk

—————————————————————————————–

Eating nuts every day could help control Type 2 diabetes and prevent its complications, according to new research from St. Michael’s Hospital and the University of Toronto. (Credit: © Dmitry Rukhlenko / Fotolia)

Eating Nuts Daily Could Help Control Type 2 Diabetes and Prevent Complications, Study Suggests

ScienceDaily (July 12, 2011) — Eating nuts every day could help control Type 2 diabetes and prevent its complications, according to new research from St. Michael’s Hospital and the University of Toronto.

In the research, published online by the journal Diabetes Care, a team of researchers led by Dr. David Jenkins (University of Toronto Department of Nutritional Sciences; St. Michael’s Hospital Risk Factor Modification Centre) reports that consuming two ounces of nuts daily as a replacement for carbohydrates proved effective at glycemic and serum lipid control for people with Type 2 diabetes.

“Mixed, unsalted, raw, or dry-roasted nuts have benefits for both blood glucose control and blood lipids and may be used as part of a strategy to improve diabetes control without weight gain,” said Dr. Jenkins, who also has appointments with St. Michael’s Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism and the U of T’s Department of Medicine. He also serves as Canada Research Chair in Nutrition and Metabolism.

Jenkins and his colleagues provided three different diet supplements to subjects with Type 2 diabetes. One group was given muffins, one was provided with a mixture of nuts including raw almonds, pistachios, walnuts, pecans, hazelnuts, peanuts, cashews, and macadamias, and one group was given a mixture of muffins and nuts.

Subjects receiving the nut-only supplement reported the greatest improvement in blood glucose control using the glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) test. The nut diet subjects also experienced a reduction in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (known as LDL, or “bad cholesterol”). The subjects provided the muffin supplement or mixed muffin-and-nut supplement experienced no significant improvement in gylcemic control but those receiving the muffin-nut mixture also significantly lowered their serum LDL levels.

“Those receiving the full dose of nuts reduced their HbA1c [the long-term marker of glycemic control] by two-thirds of what the U.S. Food and Drug Administration recognizes as being clinically meaningful for therapeutic agents. Furthermore, neither in the current study nor in previous reports has nut consumption been associated with weight gain. If anything, nuts appear to be well suited as part of weight-reducing diets,” Dr. Jenkins said.

“The study indicates that nuts can provide a specific food option for people with Type 2 diabetes wishing to reduce their carbohydrate intake.”

Story Source:

The above story is reprinted from materials provided by St. Michael’s Hospital, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS.

Journal Reference:

  1. D. J. A. Jenkins, C. W. C. Kendall, M. S. Banach, K. Srichaikul, E. Vidgen, S. Mitchell, T. Parker, S. Nishi, B. Bashyam, R. de Souza, C. Ireland, R. G. Josse. Nuts as a Replacement for Carbohydrates in the Diabetic Diet.Diabetes Care, 2011; DOI: 10.2337/dc11-0338

SOURCE: sciencedaily.com

ให้บริจาคเลือดเป็นวิธีรักษาโรคอ้วน ทำให้ได้บุญแล้วยังมีสุขภาพดีด้วย

มหาวิทยาลัยแพทย์เยอรมันค้นพบว่า ผู้ที่อ้วนมากควรจะบริจาคเลือด นอกจากเพื่อช่วยชีวิตคนอื่น ยังจะได้บุญทำให้สุขภาพดีขึ้น ทันตาเห็นด้วย

นักวิจัยเมืองเบียร์ได้พบว่า คนอ้วนมากเนื่องด้วยโรคไฟธาตุพิการ ที่เคยบริจาคเลือด จะมีความดันโลหิตลดลง และการเปลี่ยนแปลงอื่นๆ ซึ่งพลอยทำให้ความเสี่ยงกับโรคหัวใจลดน้อยลงด้วย

โรคอันเนื่องแต่ไฟธาตุ เป็นอาการรวมเกี่ยวเนื่องกับโรคต่างๆ ตั้งแต่โรคหัวใจ ความดันโลหิต และน้ำตาลในเลือดสูง แต่ระดับไขมันดีในเลือดต่ำ อาการเหล่านี้มีส่วนเกี่ยวพันกับโรคอัมพาต โรคหลอดเลือดหัวใจ และเบาหวานแบบที่ 2 ซึ่งวิธีการรักษาที่สำคัญมีสถานเดียวเท่านั้น คือการลดน้ำหนัก

คณะนักวิจัยมีความเห็นว่า หมอควรจะใช้การบริจาคเลือด เป็นวิธีการรักษาอย่างหนึ่งด้วย โดยเฉพาะกับคนไข้รายที่มีปริมาณเหล็กในเลือดสูงเกินว่าระดับปกติ แต่ควรจะมีการศึกษาขนาดใหญ่ เพื่อเป็นการยืนยันผลให้แน่นอนกันก่อน.

 

ที่มา: ไทยรัฐ 12 มิถุนายน 2555

.

Related Link:

.

Could Bloodletting Ease Heart Risks for the Obese?

Small study backs long-abandoned practice, but one cardiologist says there are far better, modern treatments

By Robert Preidt

Wednesday, May 30, 2012

WEDNESDAY, May 30 (HealthDay News) — The ancient medical practice of bloodletting may benefit obese people with metabolic syndrome, a small new study suggests.

Metabolic syndrome is a group of conditions — including abdominal obesity, high triglycerides (a type of fat found in the blood), high fasting blood sugar levels and high blood pressure — that increase the risk of diabetes and heart disease.

Bloodletting was common throughout history but was abandoned in the 19th century when it was determined that it had little or no effect on most diseases. But this study by German researchers found that two sessions of blood donation improved blood pressure and markers of cardiovascular disease in obese patients with metabolic syndrome.

In the study, 64 patients were divided into two groups. One group donated 300 milliliters (ml) of blood at the start of the study and between 250 and 500 ml four weeks later. One group didn’t donate blood.

Six weeks after the second blood donation — which allowed sufficient time for the body to generate new blood and return blood volume to normal — systolic blood pressure (the top number in a reading) among those who donated fell from an average of 148 mmHg to 130 mmHg.

They also had reductions in blood sugar levels and heart rate, and an improvement in cholesterol levels.

The study is in the May 30 issue of the journal BMC Medicine.

Blood donation is known to reduce levels of iron stores in the body. Prior research has found that an accumulation of iron in the body is associated with high blood pressure and diabetes, according to researchers.

“Blood donation may prevent not just diabetes but also cardiovascular disease for the obese,” study leader Professor Andreas Michalsen from the Charité-University Medical Centre, in Berlin, said in a journal news release.

But another expert isn’t convinced the findings support a bloodletting Renaissance. It’s true that excessive iron can worsen high blood pressure and diabetes, so it’s a good idea for anyone with those conditions to make sure they’re not unnecessarily boosting their levels by taking an iron supplement or multivitamin containing iron, said Dr. Suzanne Steinbaum, a preventive cardiologist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City.

“With the advent of diet and exercise and medications, we should probably leave this practice of bloodletting to the 19th century, at which time the practice was abandoned,” Steinbaum said. “Clearly there are alternative ways to manage these issues.”

SOURCE: Suzanne Steinbaum, M.D., preventive cardiologist, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York City; BMC Medicine, news release, May 30, 2012

HealthDay
Data from: nlm.nih.gov