Do-si-do: Dancing once a week could relieve the pain of arthritis

การออกกำลังกาย เช่น ชี่กง พิลาเตส โยคะ เต้นรำ สามารถลดความเจ็บปวดจากโรคข้ออักเสบได้ นอกจากนี้ยังช่วยให้เกิดความสมดุล สุขภาพจิตดี การเคลื่อนไหวคล่องตัว และสนุกกับการใช้ชีวิต

How dancing just once a week could relieve the pain of arthritis

  • Just over half of arthritis sufferers who took part in exercise programme experienced pain relief
  • Exercises included dancing, yoga and Pilates


PUBLISHED: 17:24 GMT, 13 November 2012

Having a waltz around the room or enjoying a yoga class can work wonders for millions of people suffering from arthritis, say researchers.

A study found hospital-based exercise programs such as Pilates, yoga or dance fitness can relieve the pain of the disease.

American scientists studied at the effectiveness of exercise programmes run by the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City.

They found the weekly programmes significantly improved enjoyment of life and balance, and decreased pain and the severity and frequency of falls.

Sandra Goldsmith, director of the Public and Patient Education Department at HSS said: ‘When participants were asked to report their level of pain severity, there were statistically significant reductions in pain from pre- to post-test.

‘Pain is a huge factor in quality of life. If we can offer classes that help to reduce pain, that is a good thing.’

Researchers evaluated the effectiveness of the exercise programs, which included weekly classes of Tai Chi, yoga, mat and chair Pilates and dance fitness on 200 participants.

Surveys were administered before and after the exercise which included measures of self-reported pain, balance, falls and level of physical activity.

A pain intensity scale was used to quantify intensity of muscle or joint pain.

The team also measured pain interference on aspects of quality of life, including general activity, mood, walking ability, sleep, work, and enjoyment of life.

Roughly 53 per cent indicated that they experienced pain relief as a result of participating.

There was a 54 per cent improvement in general activity, mood, walking ability, sleep, normal work, and enjoyment of life.

Fewer respondents reported falling from pre- to post-test and fewer sustained injuries that required hospitalisation.

Dr Linda Russell, a rheumatologist, points out that the classes are low cost for patients.

‘We like to get all of our patients involved in exercise.

‘Patients benefit from supervised exercise programmes with regard to their overall sense of well-being and pain due to their arthritis.’

Osteoarthritis is a leading cause of disability in the UK, affecting around 8.5million adults.

Weight has a large influence on the prevalence of arthritis with nearly 30 per cent of obese adults suffering.

The latest study was presented at the recent American College of Rheumatology/Association of Rheumatology Health Professionals annual meeting.

SOURCE: dailymail.co.uk


รำมวยไท้เก๊กบำรุงสมองให้โตขึ้นได้ มีความจำและความคิดอันแจ่มใส

คณะนักวิทยาศาสตร์มหาวิทยาลัยเซาธ์ ฟลอริดาของสหรัฐฯ ร่วมกับมหาวิทยาลัยฟูดาน ในเซี่ยงไฮ้ของจีน ศึกษาพบว่าผู้สูงอายุชาวจีน ที่ฝึกรำมวยไท้เก๊ก อาทิตย์ละ 3 ครั้ง เป็นเวลานาน 8 เดือน มันสมองจะโตขึ้น และทำการ ทดสอบความจำและความคิดต่างๆได้ดีขึ้น

เคยมีการศึกษาก่อนๆว่า ผู้ที่ออกกำลังแบบแอโรบิก ก็มีมันสมองโตขึ้นและทำผลทดสอบเหล่านี้ดีเช่นกัน แต่ผลการศึกษาครั้งนี้นับเป็นการแสดงให้เห็นว่าการออกกำลังแบบอื่น นอกจากแบบแอโรบิก ก็มีผลเช่นเดียวกัน

ผู้สูงอายุวัย 60-70 ปีที่ไม่ได้ทำกิจกรรมเหล่านี้ จะสังเกตพบได้ว่า จะพากันมีมันสมองหดเล็กลง การศึกษาหลายเรื่อง แสดงว่า โรคสมองเสื่อมและอาการเนื่องจากความเสื่อมของสติปัญญา จะเป็นเหตุให้สมองหดตัวลง ตลอดจนเซลล์ประสาทและข้อเชื่อมต่อ ก็หดหายน้อยลงไปตามลำดับด้วย.

ที่มา: ไทยรัฐ 26 มิถุนายน 2555


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Tai Chi Increases Brain Size, Benefits Cognition in Randomized Controlled Trial of Chinese Elderly

ScienceDaily (June 19, 2012) — Scientists from the University of South Florida and Fudan University in Shanghai found increases in brain volume and improvements on tests of memory and thinking in Chinese seniors who practiced Tai Chi three times a week, reports an article published June 19 in theJournal of Alzheimer’s Disease.

Findings were based on an 8-month randomized controlled trial comparing those who practiced Tai Chi to a group who received no intervention. The same trial showed increases in brain volume and more limited cognitive improvements in a group that participated in lively discussions three times per week over the same time period.

Previous trials have shown increases in brain volume in people who participated in aerobic exercise, and in one of these trials, an improvement in memory was seen. However, this was the first trial to show that a less aerobic form of exercise, Tai Chi, as well as stimulating discussion led to similar increases in brain volume and improvements on psychological tests of memory and thinking.

The group that did not participate in the interventions showed brain shrinkage over the same time period, consistent with what generally has been observed for persons in their 60s and 70s.

Numerous studies have shown that dementia and the syndrome of gradual cognitive deterioration that precedes it is associated with increasing shrinkage of the brain as nerve cells and their connections are gradually lost.

“The ability to reverse this trend with physical exercise and increased mental activity implies that it may be possible to delay the onset of dementia in older persons through interventions that have many physical and mental health benefits,” said lead author Dr. James Mortimer, professor of epidemiology at the University of South Florida College of Public Health.

Research suggests that aerobic exercise is associated with increased production of brain growth factors. It remains to be determined whether forms of exercise like Tai Chi that include an important mental exercise component could lead to similar changes in the production of these factors. “If this is shown, then it would provide strong support to the concept of “use it or lose it” and encourage seniors to stay actively involved both intellectually and physically,” Dr. Mortimer said.

One question raised by the research is whether sustained physical and mental exercise can contribute to the prevention of Alzheimer’s disease, the most common dementing illness.

“Epidemiologic studies have shown repeatedly that individuals who engage in more physical exercise or are more socially active have a lower risk of Alzheimer’s disease,” Dr. Mortimer said. “The current findings suggest that this may be a result of growth and preservation of critical regions of the brain affected by this illness.”

Story Source:

The above story is reprinted from materials provided by IOS Press, via AlphaGalileo.

Journal Reference:

  1. James A. Mortimer, Ding Ding, Amy R. Borenstein, Charles DeCarli, Qihao Guo, Yougui Wu, Qianhua Zhao, Shugang Chu. Changes in Brain Volume and Cognition in a Randomized Trial of Exercise and Social Interaction in a Community-Based Sample of Non-Demented Chinese EldersJournal of Alzheimer’s Disease, 2012

Data from: sciencedaily.com